Socialisation – Let’s learn about what Socialisation is

In the late 40’s and early 50’s, researchers Dr’s Scott and Fuller set out to study how dogs learn. They learned a great deal about dogs which is helpful to anyone interested in raising a puppy. One of the many experiments they conducted with puppies was to isolate them from human contact, different litters for different periods of time. They discovered that there were certain critical periods in a puppy’s development for timing different events.

Briefly the periods are:

Neonatal period – 0-13 days – During this period the puppy’s eyes and ears are closed and they need to be fully care for fully by their mother. This is when early neurological stimulation is occurs.

Transition period – 13-21 days – The puppy begins to learn about the world around them, they can benefit from exposure to different sights, smells and sounds.

Canine socialisation period – 21-49 days – The puppy learns that they are a dog and learns about pack structure. Puppies separated from the litter at this early stage never relate to others dogs properly.

Human socialisation period – 7- 12 weeks – This is the most important period for training your puppy.  Puppies need to begin to form a bond with humans during this period. If a puppy is isolated from people and kept in a kennel during this time they may not fully develop a close working relationship with a human ever. Puppies should be exposed to a great variety of situations in their environment during this period. Puppies kept in an area with limited stimuli during this period may never be able to accept a varied environment as an adult dog.

Your puppy’s first week in its new home is one of the most important times in its life. This time period will lay the ground work for how your puppy will behave as an adult. All animals, including humans undergo a critical process called socialisation. This process allows an animal to develop normal social skills and learn to identify and interact with other animals. Puppies with inadequate socialisation skills generally are fearful of other animals, people, and some environments. They do not handle stress well, and many will show some aggression with little provocation.

 

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